Research Strategies Essay

RESEARCH

STRATEGIES

Advantages and Disadvantages.

QUESTIONNAIRES

really are a set of crafted questions that are

either given to respondents to complete

and/or posted to them.

Concerns may be close ended or open

concluded.

Close- ended are designed to offer

specific or definite solution.

Open- finished questions are designed to

allow respondent to give their particular

answers.

Questionnaires may be written by

hand or by post.

ADVANTAGES OF

QUESTIONNAIRES.

They allow a large number of inquiries to be

asked to a large group in a short space of time.

Results are quickly quantified and presented

numerically.

Data is usually reliable and generalisable.

Developments and relations can be discovered.

Unlike organized interview they avoid the

issue of job interviewer bias wherever physical

existence of the interviewer can decrease

the surveys takers.

its the only method of collecting large amount of

info across a wide range of people.

DRAWBACKS OF

FORMS.

Researchers reluctant to use this approach

given that it depend on the favorable will of

respondent for completion. no

opportunity to simplify the queries they question

and expect a certain level of literacy and

numeracy because of their completion.

Delimit the range of responses.

Interactionist perspective thinks this

approach lacks quality.

Answer may be the same nevertheless meaning change

from person to person. Minimum first hand

connection with the world view of others is

gained.

SELECTION INTERVIEWS

Structured

 Semi-structured

 Un-structured.

STRUCTURED

INTERVIEW

Pre-set questions asked in the same

order whenever.

Advantages

Concerns can be solved unlike

forms.

Interview is usually guaranteed to be

satisfactory, accomplished and came back.

Interviews carried out on telephones, a

probably wide-ranging sample can be

come to.

DISADVANTAGES OF

STRUCTURED INTERVIEWS.

Respondent may feel more restricted.

More hours consuming than

questionnaires.

SEMI-STRUCTURED

INTERVIEWS

Blend of structured and unstructured

selecting methods.

 Number of concerns may be pre

determined but the interviewer may possibly

feel free to deviate from these kinds of questions

to explore issues brought up by the answers.

Advantages

Even more natural and will vary according to

the objective of the research.

Drawback

Can be long and more period

consuming.

UNSTRUCTURED SELECTION INTERVIEWS

Even more resemble conversation than the

firmly structured interview.

The purpose is usually to gain an in-depth

comprehension of an interviewee's

perception of particular subject matter or

issue.

They are built to produce

qualitative data and favoured simply by

interactionist.

Positive aspects

Flexible enough to explore problems at a

range of amounts.

DISADVANTAGES

More time eating

Difficult to filter the data

Can't say whether the interviewees are

telling the truth.

Can be people don't response just how

they actually act in true to life.

They may deliver qualitative info but not

while valid while observing persons.

OBSERVATION APPROACH

Aim is to observe the conduct of a

group usually intended for an extended length of

time. It ranges by eavesdropping to

participating in those activities of the

persons involved.

It provides

Covert player observation

Overt participant observation

Covert non-participant observation

Overt non-participant declaration.

COVERT PLAYER OBSERVATION

Researchers authentic identity is usually unknown to

the group through the analysis period

although researcher take full portion in

their lives.

Positive aspects.

As near to the natural behaviour of the

group in their own environment.

Deviant groups happen to be being seen.

Less likely to vary their behaviour.

OVERT PARTICIPATOR

OBSERVATION

Those staying studied know about the true

cause of the researcher's presence.

Positive aspects

More ethically...



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