Metamorphosis Psychoanalysis Essay

Bryan Leung

Professor Feindert

ENGWR 301

9 The spring 2014

A Psychoanalytical Criticism of The Metamorphosis

The further meaning of " The Metamorphosis”, simply by Frank Kafka, can be interpreted in many ways according to critical theory is used to measure it. From a feminist criticism, one can observe how Gregor's dominance being a male reduces after this individual becomes a insect as his sister's strength and position in the friends and family grows stronger. From a biographical critique, one can compare and contrast the characteristics of Gregor and the people around him with that of Kafka's own life and his relationships. Yet , the focus of this essay will probably be applying a psychoanalytical critique to the heroes in " The Metamorphosis”, using the studies of Sigmund Freud to approach the understanding of the story.

If we look at the characters in " The Metamorphosis” because whole via a psychoanalytical point of view, the Samsa friends and family as a whole is seen as your brain and each member representing different components of that. The Mom represents the impulsive section of the mind that operates simply along the lines of personal pleasure and does not take into account of any effects; the id. Gregor's sister, Grete, represents the part of the mind that aims pertaining to perfection by acting on probe and punishing misbehavior with feelings of guilt; the superego. The daddy represents the logical part of the mind that acts consequently to reality in order to meet the needs of both the identity and the superego in practical ways; the ego. Your brain as a whole, which consists of the Mother, Dad, and Grete, will be analyzed throughout the history as they are below constant stress and pressure by the stressor: Gregor. In " FREUD: A Very Brief Introduction”, Anthony Storr describes Freud's perceived structure from the mind; " Freud's type of the mind contains three parts: ego, identity, and superego, ” (Storr). The identity is referred to as primitive, unorganized, and psychological: ‘a world of the illogical' (Storr). In Freud's personal words, " It is filled with energy attaining it in the instincts, but it has no organization, produces no collective will certainly, but just a trying to bring regarding the satisfaction of instinctive needs subject to the observance of the satisfaction principle, ” (Freud). The id is visible as the " devil” on your shoulder once trying to make a decision and will make an effort to influence the person act on behavioral instinct and pleasure. In " The Metamorphosis”, Gregor's mother represents the id of the mind by simply always demonstrating a wish to love, look after, and safeguard her kid even when it's not always the correct thing to do. Right from the start of the story, Gregor's Mom's actions previously show that she is very protective of her kid, especially when Gregor's boss involves their house to discover why Gregor is later for operate. She tells the manager, " He isn't well, believe me personally, sir. Just how otherwise might Gregor miss a coach! The youngster has no go get the anything but organization. I'm sure your dog is not feeling well, ” (Kafka). With this situation, the impulsive selection of the mom would be to shield her boy from staying scolded or maybe getting into difficulties with the boss, but the reasonable choice will be to let Gregor deal with his problem by himself so that he can study from the experience and remember to not let it happen once again. However , Gregor's Mother's decision to act upon impulse and motherly instinct shows that the girl with a rendering of the identification in the mind. On the other hand, Grete represents a part of the mind that is certainly opposite of what the Mom represents; the superego. While using id working on instinct and impulse pertaining to self satisfaction, the superego strives pertaining to perfection simply by abiding simply by strict honnete and requirements and producing one feel guilt when there is a minor feeling of succumbing to the needs of the id. Storr gives an example describing how the superego can impact someone; " The superego can be thought to be the product of repeated health by parental injunctions and criticism: for example , ‘You must clean each tooth after...

Mentioned: Kafka, Franz. Metamorphosis. Birmingham: Penguin, 06\. Print.

Schute, Michael. Fundamental Freud: Psychoanalytic Thought for the 20 or so First 100 years. New

York: Basic, 2002. Print out.

Storr, Anthony. Freud: Anthony Storr. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2001. Produce.



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