Italy Fear Essay

MonikaВ PughВ­JonesВ

HowВ farВ wasВ Mussolini'sВ controlВ ofВ ItalyВ inВ theВ yearsВ 1925В­43В dependentВ onВ theВ useВ ofВ terror? В В

В В В В 

In the years 1925 to 1943 Mussolini had control over Italy and to an extent this control was dependent on the use of terror.  However,  it can be argued that it wasn't the only factor and that it was his policies and governments appeal to the populace that got him genuine support.  But this support was maintained by his ability to crush opposition and prevent challenge.     The threat and use of force against the Italian populace played a role in maintaining Mussolini's control,  preventing challenge and his ability to crush opposition.  The death of Matteotti in 1924 proved to the Italian people that Mussolini had no objection to the use of terror and violence,  although Mussolini denies involvement theres evidence to suggest he did.  By 1926 open opposition became increasingly more difficult due to a ban on political activity outside the Fascist Party and by this time it was probable that Fascist Squads murdered around 2000 opponents.  The terror went further,  Mussolini used the secret police,  the OVRA,  to spy on dissidents,  which led to them being severely beaten up and imprisoned without trial.  This would act as a warning to others not to oppose and without opposition Mussolini's control remained.      Anti­Fascist opposition no longer had a platform for their views after the imposition of press censorship.  Due to this,  within Italy,  opposition was sparse and disorganised.  But some groups like the Communists who tried to maintain an underground party organisation published their own newspaper, ​

L'Unità​

,  which distributed anti­fascist leaflets.  However,  it was constantly hounded by the regime and in 1927 the founder of ​

L'UnitГ,  ​

GramsciВ wasВ imprisoned. В ThisВ inclinesВ toВ othersВ thatВ oppositionВ willВ notВ beВ toleratedВ byВ theВ regimeВ andВ ensuresВ Mussolini'sВ control. В ThereВ wereВ fewВ...



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