Essay upon Development of a Facebook Dependency Scale in Bergen Treatment centers Foundation, Norwegian

Psychological Reports, 2012, 128, 2, 501-517. В© Emotional Reports 2012

DEVELOPMENT OF A FACEBOOK HABIT SCALE1, a couple of

CECILIE SCHOU ANDREASSEN

Section of Psychosocial Science

University or college of Bergen

The Bergen Clinics Groundwork, Norway

TORBJØRN TORSHEIM, GEIR SCOTT BRUNBORG,   AND  STÅLE PALLESEN Department of Psychosocial Technology

University of Bergen, Norwegian

Summary. —The Bergen Facebook Addiction Level (BFAS), in the beginning a pool of 18 items, 3 reflecting all the six key elements of dependency (salience, mood modification, tolerance, withdrawal, issue, and relapse), was built and given to 423 students as well as several other standard self-report weighing scales (Addictive Habits Scale, On the web Sociability Range, Facebook Frame of mind Scale, NEO–FFI, BIS/BAS scales, and Sleep questions). That item inside each of the six addiction factors with the top corrected item-total correlation was retained inside the final range. The aspect structure from the scale was good (RMSEA = . 046, CFI = . 99) and coefficient alpha dog was. 83. The 3-week test-retest dependability coefficient was. 82. The scores converged with results for additional scales of Facebook activity. Also, we were holding positively relevant to Neuroticism and Extraversion, and negatively related to Conscientiousness. Excessive scores for the new scale were associated with delayed bedtimes and increasing times.

Though pathological gambling is the simply behavioral dependency, so far, to become assigned status as a formal psychiatric disorder, increasing studies have been done on different potential behavioral addictions, just like video-game habit (Fisher, 1994), exercise addiction (Adams & Kirkby, 2002), mobile-phone dependency (Choliz, 2010), online sexual intercourse addiction (Griffiths, 2012), purchasing addiction (Clark & Callejuela, 2008), workaholism (Andreassen, Hetland, & Pallesen, 2010), and Internet addiction (Young, 1996; Facial beard, 2005). To find Internet addiction, it is questioned if people become addicted to the platform or to this content of the Internet (Griffiths, 1999). Young (2009) argued that Internet addicts become hooked on different aspects of online use. She differentiates between 3 subtypes of sites addicts: increased gaming, online sexual pre-occupation, and e-mailing/texting (Young, 2009). Social networks happen to be one type of on-line activity in which e-mailing/texting have been predominant. Between social networks, Facebook is by far the most used, with Talk about correspondence to Cecilie Schou Andreassen, Office of Psychological Science, School of Bergen, Christiesgt. 12, 5015 Bergen, Norway or perhaps e-mail (cecilie. [email protected] psych. uib. no).

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The authors appreciate Annika Hessen and Mathilde DГёving because of their help with info collection. you

DOI twelve. 2466/02. 2009. 18. PR0. 110. 2 . 501-517

ISSN 0033-2941

502

C. S i9000. andreassen, et al.

more than 600 million users around the world (Carlson, 2011). In one analyze, students labeled as Internet-addicted used the world wide web more intended for social features than pupils considered non-addicted (Kesici & Sahin, 2009). A just lately published review article on social networking and addiction shows that social network sites are predominantly used for maintenance of established offline networks which, for many, are important in terms of academic and professional chances. The maintenance of such systems and staying linked are believed to function while an attraction factor, which might explain for what reason some individuals use social network sites exceedingly (Kuss & Griffiths, 2011). Researchers possess linked Fb use to specific individual characteristics. People rating high on narcissism tend to be more active on social network sites, since social network sites provide an opportunity to present oneself in a favorable way in line with one's ideal home (Buffardi & Campbell, 08; Mehdizadeh, 2010). Other research have aimed at the five-factor model of persona, in which character assessment will be based upon five key...



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